Acid rains inevitably happen in places where power industry works in full. The burning of fossil fuels, smelting of ore, and processing of the natural gas releases fumes that damage lungs and airways. Among them nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, ozone and some others. Chemical pollution is common not only in industrial areas but even miles away from them – vapors easily travel with the wind causing damage in unexpected places.
The regulation of chemical pollution is usually the governmental initiative. The US Environmental Protection Agency issued Clean Air Act that prescribed the admissible amount of every chemical in the atmosphere. Under the CAA, the aggregate emissions of common chemicals reduced by 70 percent between 1970 and 2015. Imposing governmental limits on emissions is an essential step as it binds industries to refine their wastes that make up the biggest portion of pollution.
Burning fossil fuels happens due to the aggregate demand in the market. Individuals can influence the amount of fuel burned by reducing the demand of their household. Isolating windows to prevent air leaks is the very least we can do to burn less fuel in winter months. The demand for energy also drops when we use LED light bulbs, switch off the light in empty rooms, use the latest household appliances, and commute by public transport. Using a car is a necessity in big cities, but often it is neither fast nor efficient.
Using alternative energy is the best way to reduce overall air pollution so far, including sulfur and nitrogen emissions. As we increase our consumption of solar-accumulated electricity, we dramatically cut the demand for fossil fuels.